Learning The Musical Dynamics

What are Dynamics?

Dynamics are used to create contrasts in sound volume such as loud (forte) and soft (piano).

How are dynamics achieved?

Different dynamics can be achieved based on the speed and strength of attack on the keyboard.

What are the most common dynamics?

There are many different dynamics, although the most common are:

  • Forte (f) = loud
  • Mezzo-forte (mf) = somewhat loud
  • Mezzo-piano (mp) = somewhat soft
  • Piano (p) = soft